报告题目:Positivity bounds in effective field theories

报  告  人:周双勇,中国科技大学

报告时间:2019-12-17 14:00

报告地点:物理系理科楼B315

报告摘要: Lorentz invariance, locality, unitarity and analyticity are some of the most fundamental properties of quantum field theory. I will show how requiring a local, analytic, unitary UV completion for a low energy effective theory (EFT) can impose positivity bounds on the Wilson coefficients of the EFT. These positivity bounds take the form of constraints on combinations of the subtracted scattering amplitude and its derivatives. I will first demonstrate the main idea with the simple case of a massive scalar field, and then discuss the technical subtleties that arise when generalising to cases with nonzero spins. These positivity pounds can be applied to any EFTs. As an illustration, I will apply these positivity bounds to a few well-known EFTs, including Standard Model effective field theory (SMEFT) and massive gravity. In particular, in SMEFT, the positivity bounds imply that only about 2% of the total parameter space of anomalous quartic gauge couplings (aGQCs) satisfies the positivity bounds.