报告题目：Dispersive Quantum Interface with Atoms and Nanophotonic Waveguides

报 告 人：Xiaodong Qi，University of New Mexico

报告时间：2018-06-15 10:00

报告地点：理科楼A404

报告摘要：Strong coupling between atoms and light is critical for quantum information processing and precise sensing. A nanophotonic waveguide is a promising platform for realizing an atom-light interface that reaches the strong coupling regime. We study the dispersive response theory of the nanowaveguide system as the means to create an entangling atom-light interface, with applications to quantum non-demolition (QND) measurement and spin squeezing.

We calculate the dyadic Green’s function, which determines the scattering of light by atoms in the presence of a nanowaveguide, and thus the phase shift and polarization rotation induced on the guided light. The Green’s function is related to the full Heisenberg-Langevin treatment of the dispersive response of the quantized field to tensor polarizable atoms.

We model QND measurement and spin squeezing using first-principles stochastic master equations. Based on the birefringence effect, we propose a spin squeezing protocol for the spins encoded in the clock transition of cesium-133. We generalize the concept of cooperativity, which is determined by the ratio between the measurement strength and the decoherence rate in the context of the dispersive waveguide interface. By maximizing the cooperativity per atom, we find the optimal choice of quantization axis that defines the clock states. With this, we predict a peak squeezing of 4.7 dB with 2500 atoms trapped along a realistic nanofiber. I will also briefly discuss a preliminary work on the optimal control theory of atoms preloaded in an optical lattice near a nanophotonic waveguide.