报告题目:Evolution of large-scale flow from turbulence in a two-dimensional superfluid

报  告  人:Kristian Peter Helmerson,Monash University

报告时间:2020-01-16 10:00

报告地点:物理系理科楼C109

报告摘要:In two-dimensional turbulent flow the seemingly random swirling motion of a fluid can evolve towards persistent large-scale vortices. To explain such behavior, Lars Onsager proposed a statistical hydrodynamic model based on quantized vortices, in which the persistent large-scale vortices correspond to negative temperature states. We have confirmed Onsager’s model in an experiment on a superfluid gas of atoms. By dragging grid barriers, formed by an array of laser beams, through an oblate atomic gas Bose-Einstein condensate we generate non-equilibrium distributions of vortices. We subsequently use velocity-selective Bragg scattering and absorption imaging to identify the sign of the circulation and location of the vortices in order to determine the vortex distributions and resultant flow fields. We observe, in the subsequent evolution of the superfluid, signatures of an inverse energy cascade driven by the evaporative heating of vortices, leading to steady-state configurations of clustered vortices characterized by negative absolute temperatures. Our results open a pathway for quantitative studies of emergent structures in interacting quantum systems driven out of equilibrium.